Historical Overview

The ICANN Address Supporting Organization (ASO) was formally established on 19 October 1999 when ICANN and the heads of APNIC, ARIN, and the RIPE NCC, the three existing Regional Internet Registries (RIRs), signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU).  The RIRs had proposed the formation of the ASO on 23 July 1999 in a letter to the ICANN Interim Chair.

The creation of the ASO brought ICANN into the already existing and fully functional system of global policymaking for global address space issues that existed among the RIRs. The existence of the RIRs predates the existence of ICANN.

To provide a visible framework for cooperative joint activities, the RIRs (APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC) formed the Number Resource Organization (NRO) on 24 October 2003.

On 21 October 2004 a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the NRO and ICANN.  This MoU establishes that the NRO fulfills the role, responsibilities, and functions of the ASO as defined within the ICANN Bylaws.   Following its official recognition as an RIR, AFRINIC became the fifth member of the NRO on 27 April 2005 and thus a party to the MoU between ICANN and the NRO.

Chronology

  • 1999 – The RIRs proposed the formation of the ASO in a 23 July 1999 letter to ICANN Interim Chair Esther Dyson.
  • 1999 – Formation of the ASO based on MoU between ICANN and the three existing RIRs.
  • 1999 – ASO selections Pindar Wong, Ken Fockler and Rob Blokzijl join the ICANN Board.
  • 2000 – ASO selection Dr Sang Hyon Kyong joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2001 – ASO selection Lyman Chapin joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2001 – ASO AC sends global policy proposal to ICANN Board for ratification.
  • 2001 – ICP-2: Criteria for Establishment of New Regional Internet Registries was accepted by the ICANN Board on 4 June 2001.
  • 2002 –Lacnic formally recognized by ICANN.
  • 2003 – ASO AC selection Mouhamet Diop joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2003 – NRO created.
  • 2004 – New ASO MoU signed by ICANN and the NRO.
  • 2005 – ICANN starts the cycle of independent ICANN supporting organization reviews.
  • 2005 –AFRINIC formally recognized by ICANN as an RIR.
  • 2005 – AFRINIC signs MoU to become fifth member of NRO.
  • 2005 – AFRINIC signs ASO MoU between ICANN and the NRO.
  • 2005 – ASO AC sends a global policy proposal to ICANN. Global Policy on IANA Allocation of IPv4 Address Space to the Regional Internet Registries was ratified by the ICANN Board on 8 April 2005.
  • 2006 – ASO AC sends global policy proposal to ICANN. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Policy For Allocation of IPv6 Blocks to Regional Internet Registries was ratified by the ICANN Board on 7 September 2006.
  • 2006 – ASO selection David L. Wodelet joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2007 – ASO selection Raimundo Beca joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2008 – ASO AC sends global policy proposal to ICANN. Global IANA Policy for Allocation of ASN Blocks to RIRs was ratified by the ICANN Board on 31 July 2008.
  • 2009 – ASO AC selection Ray Plzak joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2009 – ASO AS sends global policy proposal to ICANN. Global Policy for the Allocation of Remaining IPv4 Address Space was ratified by the ICANN Board on 6 March 2009.
  • 2009 – ICANN Structural Improvements Committee (SIC) set up to review ICANN organizational review process.
  • 2010 – ASO AC sends global policy proposal to ICANN Board. Global IANA Policy for Allocation of ASN Blocks to RIRs was ratified by the ICANN Board on 22 July 2010. (This global policy obsoletes the 2008 Global Policy on the same topic.)
  • 2011 – ASO selection Kuo-Wei Wu joins the ICANN Board.
  • 2012 – ASO selection Ray Plzak is reelected to the ICANN Board.
  • 2012 – ASO AC sends global policy proposal to ICANN.  Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA was ratified by the ICANN Board on 6 May 2012.
  • 2013 – ASO AC selection Kuo-Wei Wu is reelected to the ICANN Board.
  • 2015 – ASO AC elects Ron da Silva to the ICANN Board.
  • 2013 – ASO AC elects Maemura Akinori to the ICANN Board.