Kemly Camacho – 2021 ICANN Board Seat 9

Kemly Camacho Jiménez

Professor and researcher at Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR) and Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica (ITCR), Researcher and Manager of digital technology programs/projects for development, International researcher on the social impact of digital technologies, general coordinator at Sulá Batsú Cooperative.

UN Women & ITU Laureates


As an expert in research on the impact of digital technologies, since 2000, I design, execute and evaluate programs/projects focused on the social impact of digital technologies.

In 2000 I started working together with a Latin American Research Program called Mística, funded by the Canadian cooperation, where I was in charge to produce a paper titled “A social vision of the Internet” that becomes a reference for the study of this topic in the region and the processes of technological appropriation at this time.

Between 2000 and 2004, I carried out an in-depth research in Central America about the social impact of digital technologies, focused on digital gaps identification. Far beyond simple connectivity, I included concepts of access, use and appropriation of technology, as well as the importance of contexts to address the digital gaps. Then, I continued during 2 years focused on the impact of digital technologies on innovation capabilities in Central American countries.

My next experience was developed in the Central American region with an important emphasis on rural territories. I researched, designed and executed during 4 years a process called Digital Resources for Sustainable Economic Development, financed by HIVOS (Humanist Institute for Cooperation with Developing Countries). I worked to strengthen capacities in digital technologies (digital transformation, as it is now called) for entrepreneurial initiatives by organic producers, differentiated coffee and community renewable energy projects, all in rural areas of the region.

Since 2013, I started the TIC-as program that seeks to create leadership for rural women in the digital industry and thereby strengthen rural technological poles with female participation. Within the framework of this program, I have led and developed various projects related to reducing the digital gender gap of rural women in Central America.

In the last 2 years I have worked in depth on the development of indigenous digital technology with a focus on women from Cabécares and Bribri Costa Rican territories in alliance with young people from local schools in these areas.

From 2017 to 2018 I participated in a process with ECLAC (Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean) where I investigated the situation of digital gender gaps in Latin America.

On the gender issue, I have worked with the WACT REACT framework of Women’s Rights Online (WRO) – World Wide Web Foundation and developed gender audits with this focus.

In addition, I have developed research with several universities, such us, University of Manchester on Digital Technologies for Resilience to Climate Change. University of Washington on Community Access Points as a strategy to reduce the digital gap in Latin America. University of Toronto on Digital Violence against ecologists’ women, and University of Sussex on Gender and Knowledge Management. Besides, I worked with TASCHA (Technology & Social Change Group) from University of Washington on gender, science and technology data.

I teach in the Master of Evaluation of Development Projects/Programs of UCR (Universidad de Costa Rica) where I am also a final graduation projects director. Besides, I am a professor in the Ibero-American Specialization Program in Social Solidarity Economy at its ITCR headquarters, where I work on emerging technologies for the social solidarity economy. I am also the founder and general coordinator of Sulá Batsú R.L., an associate workers cooperative, working in Central America I have led multicultural researching teams (up to 12 people). I have also participated in global research teams on digital technologies, for example, since 2007 I have participated in the IKM emergent Program, I am an active member of the Latin American Research Network on Technological Appropriation (RIAT) and member of CLACSO working group on appropriation of digital technologies.

Due to my training, I am an evaluator of the social impact of digital technologies, for example, regarding the transformations produced by the Costa Rican Unique Health Record System (EDUS) in the population right to health, as well as the e-health strategy in the country.

I am currently investigating with the Inter-American Institute for Agricultural Cooperation (IICA) on rural connectivity in Latin America and the Caribbean region, for this I use the new meaningful connectivity concept of Web Foundation.

Academic training

Latin American Knowledge and Culture Doctorate, Ipecal, Mexico, 2019

Master in Information and Knowledge Society (DEA), Spain – Universidad Abierta de Cataluña (UOC), 2008

Master in Evaluation of Development Programs and Projects, Costa Rica – Interdisciplinary Master, Universidad de Costa Rica, 1997.

Anthropology, Costa Rica – Universidad de Costa Rica, 1990

Administrative Computing Engineering, Costa Rica – Instituto Tecnológico de Costa Rica, 1987

High school grade, Costa Rica – Liceo Franco Costarricense, 1987

Primary school grade, Costa Rica – Liceo Franco Costarricense, 1973


  • 2020 Private sector representative at High Level Commission for Gender, Science and Technology Costa Rica Policy.
  • 2020 Member of Unesco Chapter: Emergent Technologies for Development at Université de Bordeaux.
  • 2020 Member of the Latin American Research Network on the Appropriation of Digital Technologies (RIAT)
  • 2020 Member of the CLACSO Working Group on the Appropriation of Digital Technologies.
  • 2019 UNESCO World Prize for the Education of Women and Girls.
  • 2017 World Award of UN Women and the International Telecommunication Union, Equals Tech Award, in the category of leadership for TIC-as: Women in technologies.
  • 2018-2019 Member of the Supervisory Board for Institute for Cooperative Development.
  • 2017-current Member of the Board of Directors at Regional Telecom Commission (COMTELCA)
  • 2017 Entrepreneur ITCR award.
  • 2016 World Award of Excellence from World Association of Technology Chambers for TIC-as Program: Women in technologies.
  • 2015-hoy Vice President of CAMTIC (Cámara Costarricense de Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación) Board of Directors and Coordinator of the Women in Technologies Chapter of CAMTIC.
  • 2015-hoy Member of the MEIC-SME Advisory Council del MEIC (Ministerio de Economia, Industria y Comercio de Costa Rica)
  • 2015 National Prize for Digital Inclusion with TIC-as project: creating conditions for the integration of more women in the digital economy sector.
  • 2012 CLACSO Scholar Academic Consolidation with “Collective memory in global times: common goods or need for protection?”
  • 2009-2010 Guest researcher at Technology and Social Change Group (TASCHA), University of Washington, Seattle to develop research on public Internet access.
  • 2004-2005 Guest researcher at International Development Research Center (IDRC), Ottawa to research on the social impact of digital technologies in Central America.


Spanish, native.

Advanced French: writing, reading and speaking.

Advanced English: writing, reading and speaking.

Action-research experience

  • 2019-2020 Open Science and Participatory Research on Data and Gender, University of Washington and WRO-Web Foudation.
  • 2019-2020 Action research for the development of an indigenous community platform to strengthen the wisdom of indigenous women in Bribri-Cabécar Costa Rican territory, Canadian Fund for Local Initiatives, Canada.
  • 2018-2019 Audit of Digital Gender Gap in Costa Rica, with On Line Women Rights from Web Foundation.
  • 2017-2019 Research on online gender violence of eco-environmentalist women, with Citizen Lab, University of Washington.
  • 2013-2020 Research on women situation in the digital technology sector in Costa Rica, Sulá Batsú- UN Women Gender Equality Fund and
  • 2014 Research on ICT (Information and Communication Technology) role in community resilience facing climate change, with the University of Manchester
  • 2013-2014 Research on local knowledge as a common good, CLACSO.
  • 2012 Research on the gender approach in Latin American digital policies, with ECLAC.
  • 2007-2013 Action research from the emerging paradigm and reflective evaluation of local knowledge, Global IKMe Program based in London.
  • 2009-2016 Member of the research team of Global Information Society Watch, 10 annual editions about Costa Rican situation regarding information, knowledge and communication, APC.
  • 2011 Research on digital sector environmental responsibility: Costa Rican case, APC.
  • 2007-2009 Research on public information access points: libraries, cybercafés and telecentres in 25 countries around the globe, Tasha, University of Washington, Seattle.
  • 2005-2007 Action research on Europe-Latin America Cooperation coordinated by VECAM-France, Costa Rica.
  • 2005-2009 Knowledge management for development research with Bellanet (IDRC-Canada).
  • 2000- 2005 Research on the impact of information and communication technologies on social organizations in Central America, with IDRC (International Development Research Centre).
  • 2000-2005 Research on the social impact of digital technologies in Latin America, with Mística community, IDRC.
  • 2005-2006 Research on technology-based women’s entrepreneurship, with University of Manchester.
  • 2005 Research on social solidarity economy management model, Ebert Foundation.

University teaching experience

  • 2011-2016 CENFOTEC University: ICTs and Society Course.
  • 2007-2016 Universidad de Costa Rica (UCR)
    Anthropology School: Sociocultural management courses and advanced sociocultural management techniques.
    Master in Evaluation of Development Programs and Projects: Courses in evaluative theories, design and planning of evaluation and management of graduation projects.
  • 2002-2004 Research design course in Master of Public Policy of Master of Communication and Internet public policy.

Paper publications:

  • Camacho, K. (2019) “Commercialization of territory and reconfiguration of violence against women: the case of the leaders in the ecological movements against pineapple monoculture in Costa Rica” in Sociology and Techno science Vol 9 No 1 (2019): Objectification and marketization of women: technologies as instrument of violence.
  • Camacho K. (2005) “Camacho K. (2005) “A Social Vision of Internet”, Mística virtual community.
  • Camacho K. (2005), “New interpretations of digital gap” in Challenges of words: multicultural approaches to the information society, CyF edition.
  • Camacho K. (2008) “La Catalina: an experience of knowledge exchange for training processes” in “Sharing knowledge for rural development: challenges, experiences and methods”, 2007
  • Camacho K. (2007), “Knowledge management: contributions for a Latin American discussion” in Knowledge Management for Development Journal, Vol. 4 about Knowledge Management in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2008.
  • Camacho, K. (2002). “Internet, a challenge for Central American civil society organizations. Analysis of a regional survey” in Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences. FLACSO. (Author). “Espacios”. Central American magazine of political culture. (16). San Jose Costa Rica.
  • Camacho, K., (2008). “Costa Rica” in Association for progressive Communications (APC), HIVOS and The third world Institute. (Author). “Global Information society watch 2007. Focus on access to infrastructure”. (p.111). India: Cinnamon teal print and publishing.
  • Camacho, K., (2009). “Costa Rica” in Association for progressive Communications (APC) and HIVOS. (Author). “Global Information society watch 2009. Focus on access to online information and knowledge-advancing human rights and democracy”. (p.114). Uruguay.
  • Camacho, K., (2010). “Costa Rica” in Association for progressive Communications (APC) and HIVOS. (Autor). “Global Information society watch 2010. Focus on ICTs and environmental sustainability”. (p.114). Uruguay.
  • Camacho, K., (2011). “Costa Rica” in Association for progressive Communications (APC) and HIVOS. (Autor). “Global Information society watch 2010. Focus on ICTs and environmental sustainability”. (p.114). Uruguay.
  • Camacho, K., (2012). “Costa Rica” in Association for progressive Communications (APC) and HIVOS. (Autor). “Global Information society watch 2010. Focus on ICTs and environmental sustainability”. (p.114). Uruguay.
  • Camacho, K., (2013). “Costa Rica” en: Association for progressive Communications (APC) and HIVOS. (Autor). “Global Information society watch 2010. Focus on ICTs and environmental sustainability”. (p.114). Uruguay.
  • Camacho, K., (2007). “La Catalina: an exchange experience for training processes.” in Burch, S., (Coord). “Sharing knowledge for rural development: challenges, experiences and methods.” (p. 31). 1st ed. Quito, Ecuador: Latin American Information Agency.
  • Camacho, K. (2003). “Internet, how are we changing? Elaborated from organizational histories of Internet adoption (2002-2002)” 1st. ed. San José Costa Rica. Fundación Acceso and IDRC.
  • Camacho, K (2004). “Working on Internet with a social vision” (EDITION).
  • Camacho K. (2010), “Contribution of public access points to community information processes”, in Public Access Points to Information in Latin America, Cooperativa Sulá Batsú.
  • Camacho K. (2010), “Evaluation of telecentre networks” in Guide to managing telecentre networks
  • Gomez, R. & Camacho, K. (2011). Users of ICT at Public Access Centers: Age, education, gender, and income differences in users of libraries, telecentres and cybercafés in 25 developing countries. International Journal of Information and Communication Technologies for Human Development, 3(1). (pdf)
  • Gomez, R., & Camacho, K. (2009). Communication for development or for entertainment? Electronic Yearbook of Studies in Social Communication “Dissertations”, 2 (1). (pdf)
  • Gomez, R., & Camacho, K. (2009). Who uses ICT at Public Access Centers? Paper presented at SIG GlobDev, International Conference on Information Systems ICIS, Phoenix, Arizona, Dec 2009. (pdf)
  • Gould, E., Gomez, R., and Camacho, K., (2010). “Information Needs in Developing Countries: How Are they being served by public Access venues?”. AMCIS 2010 Proceedings. Paper 9. (pdf)
  • Gould E., Gómez R. y Camacho K.(2011), “How do Public Access Venues Meet Information Needs in Underserved Communities” in Libraries, Tele centers, Cybercafés an Public Access to ICT, IGI Global
  • Sánchez A. y Camacho K.(2011), “Public Access to ICT in Costa Rica” in Libraries, Tele centers, Cybercafés an Public Access to ICT, IGI Global
  • Alfaro F., Molina J. y Camacho K.(2011), “Public Access to ICT in Dominican Republic” in Libraries, Tele centers, Cybercafés an Public Access to ICT, IGI Global
  • Arias M. y Camacho K.(2011), “Public Access to ICT in Honduras” in Libraries, Tele centers, Cybercafés in Public Access to ICT, IGI Global
  • Camacho K, (2012), “Gender Component in Latin American digital agendas” in xml=/publicaciones/xml/0/49890/P49890.xml&xsl=/publicaciones/ficha.xsl&base=/publicaciones/to


Participation in different national and international conferences on evaluation, knowledge management and social uses of ICT.

Last modified on 21/12/2020

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