The ASO is one of three supporting organizations called for in the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) Bylaws to be “formed through community consensus.” Its mission is to liaise with ICANN about Internet number resources on behalf of the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) communities.
Fifteen volunteers, three from each of the five RIR communities, serve on the ASO AC. Each RIR community elects two representatives from individuals living within that region, and the governing body of each RIR appoints a third in-region individual.
Anybody who would like to be involved with the Internet number resource community in their respective region can be elected to serve on the ASO AC. Nominees should also be available to travel to ASO AC meetings and participate in conference calls, and have the time necessary to devote to Council matters. Nominees do not need to be RIR members, but must reside within the RIR service region.
Under the ICANN ASO Memorandum of Understanding, the ASO AC’s responsibilities include:
- Undertaking a role in the global policy development process.
- Defining procedures for the selection of individuals to serve on other ICANN bodies, in particular on the ICANN Board, and implementing any roles assigned to the AC in such procedures. The ASO AC selects ICANN Board seats 9 and 10.
- Providing advice to the ICANN Board on number resource allocation policy, in conjunction with the RIRs.
The RIRs proposed the formation of the ASO in 1999. The ASO AC, whose members are elected by the RIR communities and appointed by the RIRs’ governing bodies, carry out the function of the ASO. The RIRs as the Number Resource Organization (NRO) provide secretariat support for the ASO.
In accordance with the ICANN ASO Memorandum of Understanding, between the RIRs and ICANN, the NRO fulfills the role of the ASO and the NRO NC fulfills the role of the ASO AC. They are the exact same people.
The NRO EC comprises one representative from each of the five RIRs. Currently the five RIR CEOs comprise the NRO EC. Each RIR Board shall be responsible for selecting an individual who is capable of performing the responsibilities as described in the NRO MoU.
The NRO EC has a role in the global policy development process. The NRO EC will advise the ASO AC that a global policy proposal has been adopted by all five RIRs. The NRO EC will respond to requests from the ASO AC regarding concerns about the policy development process(es), and requests for additional time to review proposals. Additionally, the NRO EC must approve any amendments in the ASO Operational Procedures.
Regional Internet number resource policies relate to a given RIR and how that RIR interacts with its community. A regional policy can be unique to a given RIR. Global Internet number resource policies require specific actions or outcomes by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) and deal with interactions between IANA and the RIRs exclusively. All five RIR communities must approve a global policy.
Anyone is welcometocomment on global policy proposals, run for office, or vote in elections. You may attend ICANN meetings and come to the ASO session(s). You can also attend RIR events in person or remotely, and participate in policy discussions.
Global policy proposals may be submitted to any of the five RIRs through their respective policy development process or directly to the ASO AC at aso-policy [at] aso [dot] icann [dot] org.